Vitamin D deficiency
- Vitamin D2 (ergocalciferol).
- Bone formation.
- Immune function.
- Muscle strength.
- Hair growth.
- Fighting infections.
- Reducing the risk of autoimmune diseases.
- Certain fish and fish oils are good sources of vitamin D.
- Vitamin D supplements which can be bought over-the-counter (without a prescription) are available in 400 IU (international units), 600 IU, 700 IU, 800 IU, and 1000 IU tablets.
- Delayed tooth formation.
- Dental deformities.
- Muscle cramps.
- Poor growth in children.
- Spine and other bone deformities.
- Stooped posture and a loss of height.
- Dietary Intake: Vitamin D deficiency can be prevented, and the treatment can be made effective by the consumption of natural foods that are a rich source of vitamin D. These include foods like eggs, beef liver, fish and fish oils (like cod liver oil), cow's milk, soy milk, etc.
- Artificial Ultraviolet B Radiation: This form of treatment is administered to those who do not have access to direct sunlight. Exposure to ultraviolet B radiation, created by artificial light sources, works as a substitute for direct sunlight exposure, and allows the synthesis of vitamin D by the skin.
- Daily vitamin D supplementation of 800 to 1,000 IU is a reasonable dose for adults.
- Levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D should be maintained above 32 ng/mL (80 nmol/L) to maximize bone health.
- In patients with severe vitamin D deficiency (serum levels of below 8 ng/mL with hypocalcemia), 50,000 IU of vitamin D should be given daily for one to three weeks, followed by weekly doses of 50,000 IU.
- After repletion of body stores, 800 IU of vitamin D daily or 50,000 IU of vitamin D once or twice monthly is adequate maintenance therapy.
- In critically ill patients, albumin-adjusted calcium levels underestimate true or ionized hypocalcemia. Therefore, measured ionized calcium levels are recommended, particularly in patients who are being treated in an intensive care unit.
- If calcium supplementation alone fails to maintain normal serum levels, the patient is vitamin D deficient or resistant and may benefit from a trial of calcitriol (Rocatrol).
- If the vitamin D deficiency is severe, the patient will require 90 mmol/L in the first 24 hours: 6 mL of K2PO4 added to each liter of fluid and given at 200 mL/hr (1 mL of K2PO4 is equal to 4 mEq of potassium and 3.0 mmol/L or 93 mg of phosphate).
The largest study, led by researchers at the Brigham and Women's Hospital in Boston, US, finds that chloroquine, an antimalarial drug, not only does not help patients hospitalized with the coronavirus but, on the contrary, is associated with heart complications and an...
A new study, conducted by researchers from the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, in Boston, US, suggests that eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables for just 8 weeks may improve heart health. In total, 326 individuals whose mean age was 45.2 years old took...
No Results Found
The page you requested could not be found. Try refining your search, or use the navigation above to locate the post.
When it is so hot outside you still can find hundreds of ways to cool yourself and drinking a mocktail is one of them. Here are few wonderful recipes for you to try. Kiwi Sour 1 oz orange juice 3 slices kiwi 0.75 oz demerara green tea syrup 0.75 oz lime juice 1 oz...
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...