Vitamin P deficiency
Vitamin P deficiency
Description, Causes and Risk Factors:
Vitamin P is also called Bioflavonoids. Bioflavonoids are the water-soluble companions of ascorbic acid, usually found in the same foods. If vitamin P is not present in human body then its main function is to keep blood vessels healthy. Bioflavonoids are often used in vitamin C supplements because they enhance the absorption and action of this vitamin
Vitamin P mainly comes from plant sources i.e., fruits and vegetables. Brightly colored fruits and red, yellow or orange colored vegetables are best sources of vitamin P. Mangoes, oranges, grapefruits, lemon, cherries, blackcurrants, and plums are some good fruit sources whereas carrots, tomato, broccoli and onions are vegetable sources. Green tea and red or white wines are rich sources of flavonoids. Milk chocolate and dark chocolate is a good source as well.
Vitamin P have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antiallergenic, antiviral, and anti-carcinogenic properties. Like vitamin A, vitamin C and vitamin E, vitamin P are antioxidants. Antioxidants can rid the body of free radicals, toxic byproducts of chemical reactions that take place in the body every day. The body is exposed to free radicals through exercise, pollution, smoking, and many other factors.
Flavanones: Citrus fruit, licorice.
Flavones: Celery, parsley, red peppers, chamomile, mint, ginkgo biloba.
Flavanolols: Milk thistle, propolis.
Flavanols: Tea, cocoa, chocolate, azaleas, grape seed.
Flavonols: Vegetables, fruits, onions, grape seed, pine bark.
Sources of rutin and hesperidin: Mainly found in the rind, pulp, skin of fruits such as lemons, grapefruits, oranges, lime, grapes, cherries, plums, peaches, apricots, apples, berries, vegetables such as green and yellow peppers, tomatoes, onions, broccoli, parsley, also bee propolis, green tea, black tea, whole grains such as buckwheat.
Because of its ability to relax the muscles in the cardiovascular system, there is a possibility that Vitamin P may play a role in lowering blood pressure. Some other areas being researched are Vitamin P's ability to interfere with growing tumors, and how it impacts other types of bleeding such as nosebleeds, hemorrhoids and bleeding in the retina.
Causes and Risk Factors of Vitamin P deficiency:
The elderly requires generally a little higher intake of it which if not met can lead to deficiency.
Pregnant and breast feeding woman can be deficient as nutrients generally passed onto 2the child.
Fighting allergies and asthma requires huge bioflavonoids and vitamin C reserves thus can cause deficiency.
Diabetics can be deficient of this vitamin.
Aspirin, birth control pills and antibiotics either block or break down bioflavonoids leading to deficiency.
Under major stress - when under stress, the body's systems go into overdrive and use up bioflavonoids and Vitamin C extra fast so need to be replenished quickly
Smokers, as smoking breaks down bioflavonoids and vitamin C quickly.
Symptoms of a bioflavonoid deficiency are similar to those of a vitamin C deficiency. The most noted symptoms include bruising more easily, an increased tendency to bleed and greater likelihood to hemorrhage. Hemorrhaging is when blood escapes from a ruptured blood vessel. Inflammation is also more likely if you have a bioflavonoid deficiency, such as inflammation related to arthritis.
Vitamin P deficiency should be suspected if characteristic signs develop in a patient. Diagnosis can be confirmed by a therapeutic trial or laboratory testing. Diagnosis is based upon symptoms and exclusion of other possibilities.
Eating more foods with bioflavonoids and taking supplements help you correct a deficiency. Your doctor can tell you if you need to take supplements. You can get anthocyanins supplements over-the-counter that are berry extracts. Flavonol supplements that come from teas are also available without a prescription. Green tea extracts are the most common, though you can also find supplements from oolong and black tea. Citrus bioflavonoid supplements are another choice. These contain flavanones, flavones and flavonols. Before supplementing, however, consult a physician or registered dietitian for guidance.
Bioflavonoids are generally safe. Excesses will be stored to a limited extent in the body, though most of the excess will be eliminated in the urine and sweat. No consistent toxicity has been linked to the bioflavonoids. However, extremely high doses may cause diarrhea, pregnant women are advised not to take megadoses of bioflavonoids.
NOTE: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.
DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.
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