Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

Alternative Name: Verruca.

Types may include: Common warts, flat warts, plantar warts, genital warts, and filiform warts.

Warts are an infection caused by HPV (human papillomavirus, an icosahedral DNA virus, of the genus Papillomavirus, family Papovaviridae; certain types cause cutaneous and genital warts) family. It is a small rough tumor that occurs typically on hands and feet but often on other locations too. It can also grow on all parts of your body. Some types of HPV tend to cause warts on the skin, while other HPV types tend to cause warts on the genitals and rectal area. Some people are more naturally resistant to the HPV viruses and do not seem to get warts as easily as other people. Wart viruses can be spread by contact with a wart. It also spread via sexual contact with an infected person. It is also possible to get warts from using towels, doorknobs or other objects that were used by a person who has warts. Patients with a weak immune system are also prone to a wart virus infection. Virus usually penetrates the skin via small abrasions.

Infection can occur in sexually active men and women of all ages, races, and social classes, and can affect both homosexuals and heterosexuals. Infants may acquire this infection from their mother during delivery.

Using condoms during sexual activity can prevent genital warts, but not always. Plantar warts may be prevented by practicing good foot care. Good foot care involves keeping feet clean and dry, changing socks daily, and taking note of growths on the skin or changes in skin appearance.


The first symptoms usually appear within 2 to 3 months after infection, but may occur anywhere between 1-20months.

General Symptoms May Include:

    Abnormally dark or light skin surrounding the lesion.

  • Numerous small, smooth, flat (pinhead sized) lesions on forehead, cheeks, arms, or legs.

  • Rough growths around or under fingernails or toenails.

  • Rough, round, or oval lesions on soles of feet -- flat to slightly raised -- painful to pressure.

  • Small, hard, flat or raised skin lesion or lump.


Warts can generally be diagnosed simply by their location and appearance. The diagnosis is most often made on the basis of clinical appearance. Diagnostic clues include black dots within the warts and/or pinpoint bleeding after paring down the thickened skin. The wart also tends to disturb the natural skin lines and creates a disrupted surface. Your doctor may also cut wart (biopsy) to confirm that it is not a corn, callus, skin cancer, or other similar-appearing growth.


There are several ways of treating warts. The goal of treatment should be to remove visible genital warts and get rid of annoying symptoms. None of the treatments is better than the others and no single treatment is ideal for all cases. The treatment used depends on many factors, including the size, location and the number of warts.

First of all note that, it is important to know that warts on the skin (such as on the fingers, feet and knees) and warts on the genitals are removed in different ways.

The following are some ways to remove warts from the skin: Applying salicylic acid and applying liquid nitrogen. Risk and benefits must be discussed with the doctor.

Other ways that your doctor can remove warts on the skin include burning the wart, cutting out the wart and removing the wart with a laser. These treatments are stronger, but they may leave a scar. Ask your doctor about the risks and benefits of these treatments before you decide what kind of treatment to have for your warts.

Treatment for genital warts may include:

    Applying liquid nitrogen.

  • Applying podophyllin.

  • Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP).

  • CO2 laser surgery.

  • Interferon injections.

Home remedies may include:

    Apply juice of fig stems to the area and leave for sometime.

  • Marigold is another herb found beneficial in the treatment of warts.

  • Apply milky juice of fresh and barely-ripe figs a number of times a day.

  • Before you go to bed, apply a fresh piece of onion.

  • Apply powder of herb Indian squill daily over the warts.

  • Crush a clove of garlic and place it on the area with wart and cover it with bandage.

  • Coating the area with camphor oil several times will remove the wart in few days.

  • Crush the vitamin C tablets and apply on the area, cover it with adhesive bandage.

  • Application of tea tree oil to the area for 7-10 days will melt the wart.

Disclaimer: The above information is educational purpose. The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition.

DISCLAIMER: This information should not substitute for seeking responsible, professional medical care.


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