Xerostomia


Xerostomia

Description, Causes and Risk Factors:

ICD-10: K11.7

Saliva is not just spit. Saliva contains 40 essential proteins, 13 electrolytes, and minerals 7 small organic molecules.

Xerostomia

Saliva is one of the most complex but versatile and important body fluids and contains a number of systems which serve a wide spectrum of physiological needs. Saliva is required to swallow food, to speak and to protect oral mucosa and the teeth from infection. This fluid contains variety of electrolytes, peptides, glycoproteins, and lipids which have, antimicrobial properties to kill bacteria and viruses, mucins to coat and protect the mucosa from trauma and dehydration, buffers to maintain pH level in spite of the daily use of acidic and basic foods and fluids, calcium and phosphates which protect the teeth and prevent demineralization and dissolution of the teeth within the oral cavity.

Xerostomia is the feeling that there is not enough saliva in the mouth. Everyone has a xerostomia once in a while — if they are nervous, upset or under stress. But if you have a xerostomia all or most of the time, it can be uncomfortable and can lead to serious health problems. It can also be a sign of certain underlying diseases and conditions.

The prevalence of xerostomia varies from 13 to 28% in most older populations and increases up to 60% in patients living in long-term care facilities.

People get xerostomia when the glands in the mouth that make saliva are not working properly. Because of this, there might not be enough saliva to keep your mouth wet. There are several reasons why these glands (called salivary glands) might not work right.

    Side effects of some medicines: Medicines for high blood pressure and depression often cause xerostomia.

  • Radiation therapy: The salivary glands can be damaged if they are exposed to radiation during cancer treatment.

  • Chemotherapy: Drugs used to treat cancer can make saliva thicker, causing the mouth to feel dry.

  • Disease: Some diseases affect the salivary glands. For e.g., Sj

0 Comments

Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

Cart Preview

Regular Use of Probiotics May Cut the Need for Antibiotics

Regular Use of Probiotics May Cut the Need for Antibiotics

According to the latest study, published in the European Journal of Public Health, regular use of probiotics may cut the necessity for antibiotics and help decrease the rise of antibiotic resistance. Having performed the analysis of the data, collected from recent...

Stem Cells from Baby Teeth Can Be Used to Fix Dead Teeth

Stem Cells from Baby Teeth Can Be Used to Fix Dead Teeth

A team of scientists from the University of Pennsylvania claims that they managed to patch up permanent teeth in children with the help of stem cells taken from baby teeth. The team performed the clinical trial that involved 30 children treated with the new method and...

[WpProQuiz 1]

Featured Products

The 5 Best Accessories for Sports Fans

It is very entertaining to be a sport fan. There is a big variety of sport games that are extremely interesting to follow. Moreover, it is always fun to anticipate the score and watch the enthusiasm live. One of the benefits of being sports fan is using different...

read more

Exercise May Serve as an Antidepressant

A new study of nearly 18,000 participants found that those with high fitness at middle age were significantly less likely to die from heart disease in later life, even if they were diagnosed with depression. Doctor's Tips: How to Stay Fit While Treating Depression Dr....

read more

Fitness: Warm Ups Can Chill Out the Perfomance

The warm ups are supposed to increase body temperature and blood flow so the muscles and surrounding joints become more responsive and prepared for physical activity. Although there’s a neurological element to warm-ups, most research focuses on the physiological...

read more