You may experience an upset stomach from a wide range of causes including viruses, parasites, having a food allergy or sensitivity. Also, certain medications, such as antibiotics, can also affect the stomach function.
When you have an upset stomach, the first thing to remember is to avoid greasy fried foods, spicy foods, alcohol or caffeine that may worsen the symptoms. Besides, it is important to drink clear liquids such as ice chips, clear broth, and coconut water.
Recent research from the University of California – Berkeley, US, finds that the deep sleep, which is called non-rapid eye-movement slow-wave sleep (NREM), can calm and reset the anxious brain.
To study the effect of the deep sleep, a team of researchers performed a series of experiments using functional MRI and polysomnography of 18 young adults as they were exposed to emotionally stirring videos after a full night of sleep and after a sleepless night.
The brain scans, made after a sleepless night, showed a shutdown of the medial prefrontal cortex and the brain’s deeper emotional centers were overactive, and after a full night of sleep, the scans showed that the participants’ anxiety levels declined significantly.
Study lead author Eti Ben Simon, a postdoctoral fellow in the Center for Human Sleep Science at UC Berkeley, says: “People with anxiety disorders routinely report having disturbed sleep, but rarely is sleep improvement considered as a clinical recommendation for lowering anxiety. Our study not only establishes a causal connection between sleep and anxiety, but it identifies the kind of deep NREM sleep we need to calm the overanxious brain.”
A new study from the US, that will be presented at the American Heart Health Association’s Scientific Sessions 2019, suggests that eating later in the evening, after 6 pm if more specific, is associated with poorer heart health in women.
For participation in the study, the team of scientists recruited 112 healthy women whose average age was 33 years. The researchers checked the participants’ heart health at the beginning of the study and 1 year after.
During the study period, the participants used dairies to track the amount and type of food, as well as the time of having a meal for one week at the beginning of the study and one week after a year.
The results of the analysis showed that for each 1 per cent increase in calorie intake after 6 p.m., the heart health score declined.
Lead researcher Nour Makarem, Ph.D., an associate research scientist at the Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons, in New York, comments: “These preliminary results indicate that intentional eating that is mindful of the timing and proportion of calories in evening meals may represent a simple, modifiable behavior that can help lower heart disease risk.”
A new study from the University of Guelph, Canada, suggests that a fat molecule that can be found only in avocados may reduce insulin resistance and thus reduce the type 2 diabetes.
For the study, the researchers tested this avocado in mice. To do this, they fed mice a high-fat diet for eight months to promote obesity and insulin resistance. After this period, the scientists added a fat molecule avocation B, or AvoB, to the mice diet for the next 5 weeks.
After 13 weeks, the mice which got AvoB supplementation had gained weight more slowly and their insulin sensitivity had increased compared to their counterparts.
The researchers also conducted a separate study with human participants. The trial showed that the participants had tolerated the compound well. Though, the researchers concluded that with a sedentary lifestyle, this compound will not provide the potential benefit.
Recent research from the University of Bristol, UK, finds that people who smoke regularly may have a doubled risk of developing mental health conditions, such as depression or schizophrenia. The results were published in the journal Psychological Medicine.
The researchers believe that nicotine affects dopamine and serotonin receptors in the brain. Dopamine is responsible for emotion regulation, and serotonin contributes to wellbeing.
For the study, the scientists used data on 462,690 people of European ancestry from Biobank. All of them were 40 to 69 years old.
Lead study author Dr Robyn Wootton says: “Our work shows we should be making every effort to prevent smoking initiation and encourage smoking cessation because of the consequences to mental health as well as physical health.”
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