Diet for the myocardial infarction patients
Features of the diet for patients with myocardial infarction caused by three periods of illness: acute (2-10 days), medium (2-8 weeks) and after infarct. Also, not less important are the severity of disease and the development of complications, the need to be observed in special motor mode, the presence of comorbidities.
Nutritional care of such patients is aimed at restoring processes in the myocardium and improve the functioning of the heart. Diet therapy is going to correct metabolic disorders and prevent atherosclerosis. It is important to prevent weight gain and abnormalities in the digestive system.
For patients with myocardial infarction is assigned diet in which reduced energy value of food, with a gradual increase of it, limited salt, animal fats, cholesterol, nitrogenous substances. This diet should be enriched with ascorbic acid, lipotropic substances, potassium salts. It usually excludes foods that contribute to flatulence (grapes, fruits with rough fiber, milk).
The diet Medigoo.com recommends you consists of 3 options with different chemical composition and energy value.
In a first diet, meals should be wiped. It is usually appointed during the acute phase (first 7-8 days). Patients should have meal 6 times per day.
It is recommended to use such products:
Wheat bread in the form of crackers, low-fat beef, veal, boiled chicken, perch, cod, steam scrambled eggs, milk drinks, low-fat cheese, butter and vegetable oils, cereals buckwheat, oats, semolina and rice cereals , fresh carrots, cauliflower and beets, pureed vegetable soups, honey, weak tea, broth hips, vegetable and fruit juices, coffee substitute.
It is forbidden to use such products:
Pastry, cakes, pancakes, dumplings, cakes, pastries, fatty meats, bacon, smoked products, goose, duck, brain, ham, kidney, fried foods, canned food, caviar, salted and smoked fish, fried on the cool boiled eggs, cream, salt and pungent cheese, cooking oils, pasta, beans, tribe, turnips, sorrel, grape, chocolate, spices, organic coffee, carbonated drinks, grape and tomato juice.
The second type of diet is assigned for the 2-3th week after infarction with eating 5 times per day. The products are the same as in the diet type 1. Food should be cooked without salt, but not pureed.
3 type of diet is prescribed in the period of scarring (from the 4th week), a meal up to 5 times a day. It consists of 2,500 calories per day. Liquids can be drunk up to 1 liter. Limit of salt intake to 3-5 g per day.
Diet is enriched with potassium salts that provide the contractile function of the myocardium and outputs fluid from the body. Potassium can be found in dried vegetables, fruits and berries (dried apricots, dried apricots, raisins, dates, prunes, etc.). However, some products (sorrel, lettuce, rhubarb, radish, gooseberries, blackcurrants, etc.) contains a lot of oxalic acids, which is not allowed to use for heart failure.
It will be good to replace some of the sugar with honey, which contains vitamins, trace elements, biologically active elements. Drinking on an empty stomach a glass of water with a dessert spoon of honey helps to normalize the activity of the intestine, which is especially important for bedridden patients.
If you want to know what to eat during specific disease, let us know and we will try to inform you. By the way, check our article Nutrition tips for coping with pyrosis.
Here is the list of nine user-friendly gym machines for women that are intimidated by barbells, bumper plates, and squat racks by Robin Cortez, director of team training for Chuze Fitness, which has clubs in California, Colorado and Arizona: Smith machine — used for...
A new study from Imperial College London suggests that higher levels of iron may cut the risk of clogged arteries. On the other hand, they are linked to a higher risk of blood clots. Within the scope of the study, the scientists used genetic data from 500,000 people...
When it is so hot outside you still can find hundreds of ways to cool yourself and drinking a mocktail is one of them. Here are few wonderful recipes for you to try. Kiwi Sour 1 oz orange juice 3 slices kiwi 0.75 oz demerara green tea syrup 0.75 oz lime juice 1 oz...read more
Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely...read more
In childhood, many of us dreamed of learning to jump high. Now, after years, it became easier - Kangoo Jumps has appeared. This is one of the relatively new, but quickly gaining popularity types of fitness training. There are several advantages of jumpers. ...read more