A new study from Harvard suggests that including tofu and other soy-based food may improve heart health, namely reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.
For the study, a team of researchers analyzed data from three separate studies that comprised data on a total of 168,474 women and 42,226 men. Each of these studies tracked the participants for more than 20 years. At the baseline, all participants didn’t have heart diseases or cancers.
Lead author of the study Dr. Qi Sun, an associate professor in the department of nutrition at Harvard University, MA, comments the results of the study: “Despite these findings, I don’t think tofu is by any means a magic bullet. Overall diet quality is still critical to consider, and tofu can be a very healthy component.”
According to recent research, published in the Journal of the Endocrine Society, a simple increase in food intake, by 300-400 calories, may help exercising women who struggle to consume enough calories to avoid menstrual disorders.
For the study, researchers recruited 62 young exercising women with an irregular menstrual cycle. Thirty-two women were asked to increase their daily calorie intake by 300-400 calories, and thirty of them maintained their eating habits, as well as exercise, for the whole period of study, 12 months.
Lead researcher Mary Jane De Souza, Ph.D., of Penn State University, comments the study: “These findings can impact all exercising women because many women strive to exercise for competitive and health-related reasons but may not be getting enough calories to support their exercise.”
A new study, published in the journal Cardiovascular Research, finds that air pollution is one of the leading causes of death in the world. The risk to die from polluted air is even higher than from smoking, malaria, and general violence.
To assess the global mortality from polluted air, the researchers created a sophisticated model able to determine the way in which air pollution interacts with certain factors. Thus, researchers concluded that in 2015 approximately 8.8 million people died due to air pollution.
The study authors write in their paper: “The fraction of avoidable [loss of life expectancy] from anthropogenic air pollution that can be attributed to fossil fuel use is nearly two-thirds globally, and up to about 80% in high-income countries.”
A new study, performed by scientists from The Institute of Cancer Research, London, finds that weight gain may reduce the risk of developing breast cancer before menopause.
For the study, a team of researchers analyzed data from 628,463 women from numerous separate studies from all around the globe. They divided women into 6 age groups, collected information concerning their weight at a minimum two different ages, and followed them for 10.1 years, on average.
Dr. Minouk Schoemaker, a lead author of the study, says: “The link between a higher body mass index and a lower breast cancer risk before menopause has puzzled researchers for a while now. In our large-scale international study, we were able to tease out the effects in more detail than ever before.”
To support your immune system, which is extremely important in conditions of global coronavirus outbreak, you should eat a balanced diet containing adequate protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals. These are eight foods and food groups that help you to keep your immunity in order:
Almonds: rich in vitamin E, which is important for supporting the immune system, a good source of protein and healthy fat.
Bell peppers: rich in vitamin C, which takes part in forming antibodies that fight illnesses.
Broccoli: contains a lot of antioxidants, vitamins A, C, E (and) potassium, as well as healthy fiber.
Citrus fruits: have such benefits as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects.
Dark leafy greens: a good source of beta carotene which takes part in reducing inflammation and increasing disease-fighting cells.
Garlic: contains compounds that destroy bacteria and infection.
Pumpkin seeds: a great source of zinc, which is crucial for immune cell functioning.
Red peppers: contain as much vitamin C as citrus fruits.
Recent research from the University of Bonn finds that a high-salt diet is not only bad for the blood pressure but it also weakens the immune system.
During the study, the scientists noted that mice that were fed a high-salt diet suffered from much more severe bacterial infections than those eating their normal ration. Also, the human volunteers who consumed an additional 6 grams of salt per day also demonstrated pronounced immune deficiencies.
Prof. Dr. Christian Kurts from the Institute of Experimental Immunology at the University of Bonn says: “We examined volunteers who consumed six grams of salt in addition to their daily intake. This is roughly the amount contained in two fast-food meals, i.e. two burgers and two portions of French fries.”
When after one week of this diet the scientists took blood from the volunteer and examined the granulocytes they noticed that the immune cells coped much worse with bacteria after the test subjects had started to eat a high-salt diet.
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