According to the latest study, published in the European Journal of Public Health, regular use of probiotics may cut the necessity for antibiotics and help decrease the rise of antibiotic resistance.
Having performed the analysis of the data, collected from recent studies, the researchers came to the conclusion that infants and children who took a daily probiotic supplement were 29% less likely to be prescribed antibiotics. When analyzed only the highest-quality study, the scientists received even higher figure 53%.
Dr. Daniel Merenstein, from the Department of Family Medicine at Georgetown University School of Medicine in Washington D.C., says: “Given this finding, potentially one way to reduce the use of antibiotics is to use probiotics on a regular basis.”
A team of scientists from the University of Pennsylvania claims that they managed to patch up permanent teeth in children with the help of stem cells taken from baby teeth.
The team performed the clinical trial that involved 30 children treated with the new method and 10 children treated with the traditional method. They suggest that in the future it will be possible to use this technique to repair dental injuries and fix dead teeth in adults.
Songtao Shi, one of the research team, says: “This treatment gives patients sensation back in their teeth. If you give them a warm or cold stimulation, they can feel it; they have living teeth again. So far we have follow-up data for two, two and a half, even three years, and have shown it’s a safe and effective therapy.”
New research from the University of California, Berkeley, discovered that hundreds of different human gut bacteria are electrogenic (they can generate electricity).
These types of bacteria include Listeria monocytogenes (causing of diarrhea), Clostridium perfringens (causing gangrene), and Enterococcus faecalis (acquired during hospital stays), as well as benign bacteria in the gut such as probiotics. The researchers observe, while others, such as the Lactobacilli strains, play a role in fermentation.
Prof. Dan Portnoy explains: “The fact that so many bugs that interact with humans, either as pathogens or in probiotics or in our microbiota or involved in the fermentation of human products, are electrogenic — that had been missed before.”
New research, conducted by a team of scientists from McMaster University in Ontario, Canada, finds that people who consume three servings of dairy, including milk, cheese, butter, or cream, a day are almost two times less likely to suffer from heart disease and strokes than people who consume less dairy.
For their study, the researchers analyzed the data from more than 136,000 people from 21 countries aged between 35 and 70 who had taken part in the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiological (PURE) study. The study focused on environmental, societal, and biological effects on obesity and chronic health issues.
Dr. Mahshid Meghan, a senior research associate at McMaster University, explains: “What I really want to emphasize is that consumption shouldn’t be discouraged but encouraged especially in low-income countries and even in high-income countries where consumption is low. We are not saying people eating seven servings of dairy a day should increase their intake, but that three servings – moderation – is good for you.’
According to a new study, performed at Wake Forest School of Medicine, USA, suggests that mindful people may feel less pain.
During the study, a team of researchers analyzed data received from the study published in 2015 where 76 healthy volunteers completed a clinical measurement of mindfulness to determine their baseline levels. Whole brain analyses showed that higher dispositional mindfulness during painful hear was connected to the greater deactivation of the posterior cingulate cortex, a brain region of the default mode network.
The study’s lead author, Fadel Zeidan, Ph.D., assistant professor of neurobiology and anatomy at the medical school, part of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, explains: “Mindfulness is related to being aware of the present moment without too much emotional reaction or judgment. We now know that some people are more mindful than others, and those people seemingly feel less pain.”
In the course of research, the scientists found that many supplements not only contain higenamine but also that companies producing these supplements don’t indicate the dosage of this compound properly.
John Travis, a senior research scientist at NSF International in Ann Arbor, says: “We’re urging competitive and amateur athletes, as well as general consumers, to think twice before consuming a product that contains higenamine. Beyond the doping risk for athletes, some of these products contain extremely high doses of a stimulant with unknown safety and potential cardiovascular risks when consumed.”