Many people are motivated for active sports in spring. However, before you buy a membership, you should check which exercises are useful to you and which ones should not be done in any way. Unfortunately, nowadays there are practically no people with an absolutely healthy musculoskeletal system – neither in 20 nor in 40 years. And only a specialist can determine the condition of your body and assess the risks.
For example, it is worth being careful if you have such defects as:
scoliosis, hyperkyphosis (excessive bending of the spine in the thoracic region);
X-shaped or O-shaped curvature of the legs;
scars after operations.
All this may complicate your sporting life, and not only not improve your health, but also add problems. Surely people are aware of their serious diagnoses. But sometimes the disease or deformity is still outlined, or you did not attach any importance to it.
The first stepto take is to pass a functional test – it will let you know the strengths and weaknesses of your body. Functional testing is done in a sports clinic, it is carried out by a rehabilitation doctor. Now there are many clinics that specialize in working with the musculoskeletal system, and it is best to get tested there. But recently, some fitness clubs offer such a service. You just need to know that testing should be carried out by a professional rehabilitologist.
And the second stepthat needs to be done is to go to rehab fitness to correct the condition.
Rehab fitness is basically a physical rehabilitation to improve and restore the lost functions of the musculoskeletal system using exercise therapy techniques, elements of strength and functional training, as well as manual techniques, Pilates, IFR, kinesiosis (application of special patches to potentially vulnerable parts of the body), etc.
This can be done by the same rehabilitation specialist, or by coaches with qualifications in the field of rehabilitation.
The researchers used an adapted version of a mood induction task called the Trier-Social Stress Task, intended to cause feelings of stress and anxiety in the subject. During the study, 71 children aged 3 and 8 were asked to tell a short story within 3 minutes. They were told that they would be judged based on how interesting it was.
To analyze children’s speech, scientists used a machine learning algorithm. The algorithm proved to be very successful at diagnosing children.
Study senior author Ryan McGinnis says: “The algorithm was able to identify children with a diagnosis of an internalizing disorder with 80% accuracy, and in most cases that compared really well to the accuracy of the parent checklist.”
A new study from Japan finds that in countries where people eat significant amounts of rice have lower levels of obesity.
For the study, the researchers examined data from 136 countries. They found that those countries where people ate on average at least 150 g of rice per day had significantly lower rates of obesity compared with countries where people ate less than the global average amount of rice which was around 14 g daily.
Lead researcher Prof. Tomoko Imai comments: “The observed associations suggest that the obesity rate is low in countries that eat rice as a staple food. Therefore, a Japanese food or an Asian-food-style diet based on rice may help prevent obesity.”
A new study from the University of Maryland, US, finds that a single 30-minute workout can boost activity in key brain regions for memory and improve seniors’ ability to recall information.
For the study, the researchers included 26 participants from 55 to 58 years old splitting them into two groups one of which was sitting still and another was pedaling on a stationary bike for 30 minutes. After either sitting period or working our period, all of them had to take a memory test.
After the workout session, the semantic memory parts of the participants’ brains were more active (what was checked with the help of MRI). The team hypothesized that a single exercise session has a sort of priming effect on the brain.
A small study, recently conducted by an international team of researchers from the University of Adelaide, in Australia, and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, USA, finds that men who are at risk of type 2 diabetes can keep their blood sugar level under control by strictly sticking to the eating schedule.
For the study, the researchers included 15 men aged 30–70 with a waist circumference of at least 102 cm and at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The analysis of the received data showed that time-restricted model of nutrition improved the glucose control of the participants.
Associate professor Leonie Heilbronn, a research leader at the university’s department of medicine comments: “Our results suggest that modulating when, rather than what, we eat can improve glucose control. [We] did see a tiny amount of weight loss in this study, which may have contributed to the results.”
Scientists analyzed a group of 8,121 people aged 54–74 who took part in the study of Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities. None of the participants previously has been diagnosed with cardiovascular disease.
The lead study author Dr. Christie Ballantyne, the cardiology chief at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston, says: “If the first time you find out that you’re at risk for heart failure is when you actually start getting short of breath and you end up in the hospital, you probably have advanced heart disease already, and it is going to be harder to treat than if that person took steps years earlier.”
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