According to the conclusions of an analysis led by the Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), individuals who were exposed to tobacco smoke in the womb and in early childhood are biologically aging at a faster pace.
For the study, a team of researchers investigated for the first time the association between the early-life exposome (83 prenatal exposures and 103 in early childhood) and the epigenetic age of 1,173 children between 6 and 11 years of age from the Human Early Life Exposome (HELIX) project, based on six birth cohorts in six European countries, including Spain, and coordinated by ISGlobal researcher Martine Vrijheid.
Mariona Bustamante, ISGlobal researcher and one of the authors of the study, says: “The positive association between epigenetic age acceleration and exposure to tobacco smoke during pregnancy and early childhood go in line with previous results obtained in the adult population.”
A new study in mice, conducted by researchers from the University of Texas McGovern Medical School in Houston, U.S., finds that adenosine receptor ADORA2B, promoting the release of oxygen by hemoglobin, also seems to stave off some effects of aging by increasing oxygen supply to tissues. Theoretically, a drug that increases activity in this pathway will be able to help combat age-related declines.
For their research, the scientists studied mice genetically engineered to lack ADORA2B in the membranes of their red blood cells. These rodents appeared to age at a younger age than it happened to normal mice. They also experienced steeper declines in their spatial learning, memory, and hearing abilities.
Lead researcher Dr. Yang Xia says: “Our findings reveal that the red blood cell ADORA2B signaling cascade combats the early onset of age-related decline in cognition, memory, and hearing by promoting oxygen delivery in mice and immediately highlight multiple new rejuvenating targets.”
A new study from the Institute of Healthy Ageing at University College London in the United Kingdom suggests that parasites may have anti-inflammatory properties that may help prevent aging and disease.
The scientists conducted a review of the existing literature to explore the use of parasite worms as a therapy to reverse conditions linked to inflammaging. They focused on a specific group of parasitic worms called helminths, which include roundworms, tapeworms, and flukes.
Dr. David Gems, one of the authors of the study, says: “In the wake of successes during the last century in eliminating the evils of helminth infections, the time now seems propitious to explore further their possible benefits, particularly for our aging population — strange though this may sound.”
According to a new study, conducted by researchers from the University of Warwick and University Hospitals Coventry and Warwickshire (UHCW) NHS Trust, UK, patients with obesity whose age is 60 and over can lose as much weight as younger people with the help of only lifestyle changes.
For the study, a team of researchers randomly selected 242 patients who attended the WISDEM-based obesity service between 2005 and 2016 and compared two groups (people under 60 years and people aged between 60 and 78 years) for the weight loss that they achieved during their time within the service.
Lead author Dr. Thomas Barber of Warwick Medical School at the University of Warwick comments: “Weight loss is important at any age, but as we get older we’re more likely to develop the weight-related co-morbidities of obesity. Many of these are similar to the effects of aging, so you could argue that the relevance of weight loss becomes heightened as we get older, and this is something that we should embrace.”
We all understand that aging is a normal process, but many of us would like to slow down this process. Such factors as environmental stressors, genetics, sleep, physical activity, and food choices affect the aging process. To stay young longer, you may influence some of these factors. The easiest way to do it is to revise your diet. Here’s the list of foods that speed up your aging:
1. White pasta and white bread as they are high in carbs and lead to inflammation in the body.
2. Processed meet as it is high in saturated fat, sodium, and sodium nitrate.
3. Fried foods as they can release free radicals associated with aging and disease.
4. Too much alcohol may increase your risk to develop cancer, heart problems, high blood pressure, liver damage, and memory loss.
5. Soda as it can increase your blood sugar levels.