A new Canadian study, published in The American Journal of Gastroenterology, suggests that people living in a rural area are less likely to develop inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) compared to people living in urban areas.
The researchers analyzed dozens of studies and found a link between increased urbanization and a greater number of IBD cases. The results are full of inconsistencies, but this can be explained due to many differences in rural areas.
Dr. Eric Benchimol, a pediatric gastroenterologist at the CHEO Inflammatory Bowel Disease Center, says: “We’ve known that in addition to genetic risk factors, environmental factors have been associated with the risk of developing IBD. But this new study demonstrated the importance of early life exposure in altering the risk of IBD, and that needs further study.”
A new study, executed by the researchers from Pennsylvania State University, found that consuming soy protein can improve symptoms of the inflammatory bowel diseases, such as colon inflammation and the loss of gut barrier function.
For their study, the team of scientists replaced 12% of sources of proteins, other than soy, in the diets of the mice with soy protein concentrate. The doses of soy protein concentrate substituted were equal to the amount that could be potentially used in humans.
Having analyzed the received results, the researchers discovered that soy protein concentrate has an antioxidant and cytoprotective effect in human bowel cells, developed in a lab. Moreover, in the mice with induced IBD, substituting just 12% of other protein with soy protein concentrate was enough to stop body weight loss and improve spleen swelling.