A new study from Saint Louis University in Missouri, US, suggests that extract of bitter melon, a vegetable relative to cucumber and zucchini, may help fight cancer.
For the study, a team of scientists conducted laboratory experiments using a mouse model. They used bitter melon extract on various kinds of cancer cells, such as breast, prostate, and head and neck cancer cells. The experiments showed that this extract may prevent the spread of cancer.
Prof. Ratna Ray, a lead researcher of the study: “Natural products play a critical role in the discovery and development of numerous drugs for the treatment of various types of deadly diseases, including cancer. Therefore, the use of natural products as preventive medicine is becoming increasingly important.”
A new study, conducted by the team of scientists from Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, USA, suggests that eating a cup of yogurt daily may reduce the risk of developing lung cancer by 20% by boosting healthy bacteria and tumor-killing immunity.
For this study, the researchers analyzed 10 cohort studies from the US, Europe, and Asia which in total involved more than 1.44 million people. The results of the analysis show that people who ate a serving of yogurt every day had a 20% lower risk of this type of cancer. Furthermore, those who ate it along with a high-fiber diet had more than 30% lower risk of the condition.
The authors of the study write in their paper: “For the first time to our knowledge, a potential synergistic association between fiber and yogurt intakes on lung cancer risk was observed. Although further investigation is needed to replicate these findings and disentangle the underlying mechanisms, our study suggests a potential novel health benefit of increasing dietary fiber and yogurt intakes in lung cancer prevention.”
A team of researchers analyzed data from 101,257 French adults whose median age was 42 from the NutriNet-Santé study to check the association between the consumption of sugary drinks and various forms of cancer.
The drinks included sugar-sweetened beverages such as soft drinks, syrups, fruit drinks, 100% fruit juices without added sugar, milk-based sugary drinks, sports drinks, and energy drinks.
Having analyzed the available data, the researchers concluded that a daily increase of 100 ml in the intake of this type of drinks associated with the higher risk of developing cancer by 18%, and the breast cancer risk raise by 22%.
To check their new technique, the scientists applied the engineered strain to mice with cancer, and the delivered therapy led not only to complete tumor regression of lymphoma, but also significant control of distant, uninjected tumor lesions.
Tal Danino, assistant professor of biomedical engineering, comments: “Seeing untreated tumors respond alongside treatment of primary lesions was an unexpected discovery. It is the first demonstration following a bacterial cancer therapy of what is termed an ‘abscopal’ effect. This means that we’ll be able to engineer bacteria to prime tumors locally, and then stimulate the immune system to seek out tumors and metastases that are too small to be detected with imaging or other approaches.”
A new study, published in Science, shows that targeting the gene, known as WWP1, with the compound in broccoli suppressed the tumor growth in cancer-prone laboratory animals.
Study author Pier Paolo Pandolfi, MD, PhD, Director of the Cancer Center and Cancer Research Institute at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, comments: “We found a new important player that drives a pathway critical to the development of cancer, an enzyme that can be inhibited with a natural compound found in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables. This pathway emerges not only as a regulator for tumor growth control but also as an Achilles’ heel we can target with therapeutic options.”
Still, to get the right amount of this ingredient is quite challenging – one will have to eat approximately 6 pounds of the uncooked vegetable. So now the scientists are working at the task to apply this knowledge as an appropriate medication.
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