According to a recent study, executed by the scientists from the University of Vienna in Austria, living in the same household with a woman’s mother or mother-in-law may lower the number of children the woman has.
For the study, the researchers examined the medical records of over 2.5 million women from 14 countries from all around the world. These countries included Pakistan, Iraq, Zambia, Romania, Brazil, the United States among others.
The authors of the study conclude: “In three-generation households, grandparents are not only providers of support but can also be resource competitors, and this may be a particularly suitable explanation given that the study included many developing countries.”
Sujetha Shetty, nutritionist and diet expert at online fitness platform Gympik, and Gulneer Puri, dietician at tele-medicine platform Doctor Insta, proposed some effective tips to start a healthy diet with your children.
- Grains: Prefer whole grains such as whole-wheat bread, oatmeal or brown bread. Whole grains are rish in vitamin B and fiber wich improves digestion and fills the children well.
- Protein: It is a building material for maintaining and repairing tissues, making haemoglobin, improving immunity, and helping muscles grow. The foods that contain protein are eggs, seafood, lean meat and poultry, legumes, peas, beans, soy products, unsalted nuts and seeds.
- Fruits: It is important to fill your child with lots of fresh fruits. Let fruit juice be the last option as the juice takes out the fibre that comes from the whole fruit. Also, fruit juices come with loads of added sugar that only contribute to empty calories sans nutrition.
- Vegetables: Give your child a variety of fresh, colourful, seasonally and locally available vegetables. Aim to provide a variety of vegetables, including dark green, red and orange, beans and peas, starchy and others every week.
- Dairy: Dairy is a major source of calcium. Include low-fat dairy products such as milk, yogurt, cheese or fortified soy beverages in your child’s diet.
Try to avoid such products in the children’s diet: added sugar (processed foods, chocolates, bars, breakfast cereals and candies) and saturated and trans fats (full-fat dairy products, red meat and poultry).
Researchers from the University of Oxford in cooperation with the Universities of Groningen, The Netherlands, and Uppsala, Sweden, have pinpointed 12 DNA areas that are associated with the age at which people usually have their first child and the total number of children during the life course.
For their study, the scientists analyzed 62 databases that included information from 238,064 men and women for age at first birth, and almost 330,000 men and women for the number of children.
Previously, it was believed that the age at which we have the first child is connected to personal choices and social circumstances. But now this new research proves that genetic variations are responsible for this age.
Lead author Professor Melinda Mills, from the Department of Sociology and Nuffield College at the University of Oxford, says: “For the first time, we now know where to find the DNA areas linked to reproductive behaviour. For example, we found that women with DNA variants for postponing parenthood also have bits of DNA code associated with later onset of menstruation and later menopause.”
More information here.
Experts were able to prove the harmfulness of Zika virus in the course of examination of a pregnant resident of Slovenia. The complete genome of the pathogen was found in the tissues of the embryo with microcephaly, reports New England Journal of Medicine.
It is reported that the child was conceived during a stay of women in Brazil. During an ultrasound examination, which she did on arriving home, the fetus has shown so many deviations that woman has decided to terminate the pregnancy in the 28th week. The publication notes that the woman gave the fetus to the researchers.
It is known in addition to the virus, viral RNA was detected in the brain cells as well as viral virion particles with a high concentration.
Although scientists did not find any other harmful microorganisms, that are capable of causing damage in the brain. All other fetal organs were intact. Thus, the scientists concluded that the case is strong evidence of penetration of the Zika virus in the fetal brain and its harmful effects.