A Compound in Grapes May Protect from Colon Cancer

A compound in grapes might be able to suppress colon cancer stem cells, according to a study executed by the team of researchers led by Jairam K. P. Vanamala, an associate professor of food science at the College of Agricultural Sciences at Pennsylvania State University in State College.compound in grapes against colon cancer

In the course of the study, the scientists discovered that a number of tumors in the mice that had the grape compound diet lowered by 50%.

Professor Vanamala says: “The combination of resveratrol and grape seed extract is very effective at killing colon cancer cells. And the combination of these compounds is not toxic to healthy cells.”

Three Nuts May Cut the Risk of Colon Cancer Recurrence and Death

Eating just 2 ounces of three nuts weekly may lower the risk of cancer recurrence for patients who have been treated for stage III colon cancer according to the conclusions of a new study from the United States. Moreover, the study says that it could even halve the risk of death for such patients.nuts cut the risk of colon cancer recurrence

For the research, a team of scientists has analyzed the data of 826 patients with stage III colon cancer. They were asked to complete a dietary questionnaire. The risk of colon cancer recurrence was 46% lower in those patients who consumed at least 2 ounces of three nuts every week. The risk of death was 53% lower for those patients. Three nuts included cashew nuts, hazelnuts, walnuts, almonds, and pecans.

Dr. Fadelu, a leader of the study, of the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston, MA, explains: “Ultimately, we need to understand how nuts confer this protective effect, as well as possibly conduct a randomized, controlled clinical trial where diet recommendations are given at the start of the study to prove that tree nuts can reduce recurrence and death after treatment for colon cancer.”

Mouth Bacteria Can Indicate Different Cancer Risks

A new research found that our mouth bacteria can indicate our risk for different forms of cancer. The scientists suggest that brushing teeth does not just prevent cavities, it also can help cut the risk of developing cancer.mouth bacteria

Several studies discovered a link to such cancers as breast cancer, pancreatic cancer, esophageal cancer and bowel cancer. Although the researchers still do not fully understand this link, they believe that the bacteria travels into the bloodstream and enters different organs where they infect tissues.

The scientists hope that further studying of this phenomenon will bring an ability to tell a person what their cancer risk is only looking for the bacteria present in their bodies.

Emulsifiers Containing in Many Processed Foods Cause Cancer in Mice

A new study, published in the journal Cancer Research, claims that emulsifiers that are added to many processed foods can cause colon cancer in mice. They are chemicals that are used to keep food products stable and safe on shelves.emulsifiers

Emelie Viennois from the Institute of Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, a lead author of the research, showed in her earlier work that these chemicals changed good bacteria in the guts of mice. In this study, the researcher found that animals who consumed emulsifiers had changes in their gut microbiomes that were associated with promoting tumor growth.

Emelie Viennois advises: “I would tell people to try to cook instead of using food industry products. In meals, mix processed foods with some homemade food so you don’t have huge exposure to emulsifiers in one meal.”

More information here.

New Methods of Treatment of Colon Cancer Are Launched

Under the new method of treatment of colon cancer, the doctors studied the intestine using an endoscope to determine the exact location of the blockage. Then they put the catheter there. 

Researchers have found a way to avoid complications after surgery for patients suffering from colon cancer. They propose to introduce a catheter into the area where the bowel is obstructed, writes BBC.

According to scientists, this can in some cases help to avoid the need to use ileostomy after surgery.

The study was presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.

Every year, about 1.4 million cases in the world are diagnosed as colon cancer. Often this type of cancer remains undetected until the intestines is blocked in patients. In this case it is necessary to carry out emergency surgery.

Such operations are much more dangerous than planned. In most cases clinicians can not regain the intestine in its original shape after such operations. There is a high risk that the patient will have to use an ileostomy.

Under the new method of treatment, the doctors study the intestine using an endoscope to find the exact location of the blockage. Then they introduce the catheter. When the tube is inserted, its diameter is only 3 millimeters. However, then it expands to 2.5 cm, which creates a new pass. Thus, doctors remove the blockage.

In total 250 patients participated in the study. Part of them tried new methodology, while others were treated with traditional methods.