According to recent research, published in the European Heart Journal, men are at higher risk to die from COVID-19 due to a higher level of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in their lungs helping the virus take hold there.
The study included 3,500 older adults who had heart failure, but none of them were infected with the coronavirus. Nevertheless, the researchers believe that other studies in how this enzyme interacts with the virus can explain the disparity in death rates between men and women.
One of the study authors believes that ACE2 binds with coronaviruses, including COVID-19, and allows them to infect healthy cells more easily.
Study author Adriaan Voors, a professor of cardiology at the University Medical Center Groningen, the Netherlands, says: “High levels of ACE2 are present in the lungs and, therefore, it is thought to play a crucial role in the progression of lung disorders related to COVID-19.”