A new study from Brazil suggests that trendy intermittent fasting may be the reason for increasing insulin levels and the amount of abdominal fat. It also may lead to the damage of pancreatic cells.
Intermittent fasting diet is a diet when a dieting person has “fast” days with a drastic restriction on calorie intake and “feast” days when one is allowed to eat anything.
For the study, a team of researchers placed healthy, adult rats on the diet for 3 months. During this period, scientists measured and monitored their insulin levels, function, body weight, and free radical levels.
At the end of the research, the rodents had lost weight according to expectations, but the distribution of their body fat changed unexpectedly — the amount of abdominal fat increased which is deeply associated with type 2 diabetes.
According to a research from the University of Illinois in Chicago, people with the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes who wake up late and have their breakfast late are more likely to have higher body mass indices (BMI) compared to those who wake up early and have early breakfast.
To study this phenomenon, the scientists recruited 210 non-shift workers living in Thailand with Type 2 diabetes. Their preferences were studied with the help of a questionnaire that focused on time for waking up and going to bed, time of day spent exercising and time of day engaged in a mental activity.
Lead researcher Dr. Sirimon Reutrakul, associate professor of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism in the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, says: “Later breakfast time is a novel risk factor associated with a higher BMI among people with Type 2 diabetes. It remains to be investigated if eating breakfast earlier will help with body weight in this population.”
A new research by Rutgers University suggests that fiber may play a far more important role in nurturing the gut bacteria that control blood sugar and fat.
The researchers believe that this discovery could pave a new way to personalized high-fiber diets as the first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes. It also could help to curb rated of diabetes diagnosis. Foods containing lots of fiber boost gut bacteria that control blood sugar by breaking down carbohydrates.
Professor Liping Zhao, one of the researchers and a microbiologist at Rutgers University-New Brunswick in New Jersey, says: “Our study lays the foundation and opens the possibility that fibers targeting this group of gut bacteria could eventually become a major part of your diet and your treatment.”
A new research from the University of Cambridge suggests that eating coconut daily may lower the risk of developing heart disease and stroke.
For the study, a team of researchers used data of 94 volunteers aged between 50 and 75 none of whom had diabetes or heart disease. All the participants were divided into 3 groups, where one group consumed coconut oil, the second group consumed extra virgin olive oil, and the third group consumed unsalted butter every day for 4 weeks.
The results of the study showed that those participants who ate coconut oil demonstrated the biggest rise in HDL cholesterol levels, 15% on average.
A panel of health experts on behalf of US News & World Report assessed 40 popular diets ranking them from lowest to highest in several categories including diets for weight loss, diabetes, and heart health. The results of the research include the following top-rated diets.
The health experts chose Weight Watchers and the Volumetrics diet as two best diets for people who want to lose weight. The best diet for heart health is the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and the best option for people with diabetes is the Mediterranean diet.
Moreover, the experts conclude that regardless of the eating plan you stick on, it’s important to keep physical activity on the recommended level.