A new study from the School of Public Health at Indiana University in Bloomington, US, suggests that optimism may protect postmenopausal women against type 2 diabetes.
The team of scientists discovered that the most optimistic women were
12% less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than women with the lowest quartile
of optimism. Scientists also concluded that low optimism and high negativity
linked to the higher risk of incident diabetes in postmenopausal women.
Dr. JoAnn Pinkerton, the executive director of the journal Menopause,
where the results of the research were published, comments: “In addition to
efforts to promote healthy behaviors, women’s personality traits should be
considered to guide clinical or programmatic intervention strategies in
A new international study, led by researchers from the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom, confirms evidence that dairy fats may decrease the risk of type 2 diabetes.
For the study, a team of the researchers analyzed the data received from 16 prospective cohorts that included 63,682 participants from 12 countries. Having analyzed the data, the researchers discovered that people who consumed more dairy products had the lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
The lead researcher Dr. Fumiaki Iamamura says: “We hope that our findings and existing evidence about dairy fat will help inform future dietary recommendations for the prevention of lifestyle-related diseases.”
A new study finds that people with prediabetes who prefer evening activities and go to bed late have higher chances to gain weight than early risers with the same condition.
A team of researchers from the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine examined 2,133 people with prediabetes aged 64 years on average. Scientists assessed their preferences for going to bed late and waking up early, respectively.
Dr. Sirimon Reutrakul, an associate professor of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism, says: “Timing and duration of sleep are potentially modifiable […] People can have more regular bedtimes and aim to have more sleep, which may help reduce BMI and the potential development of diabetes in this high-risk group.”
A new study from the US suggests that poor air quality and diabetes are closely connected. Researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis in collaboration with the Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System in Missouri performed the study.
To achieve the set study goal, a team of researchers analyzed the influence of air pollution on a group of United States veterans with no previous history of diabetes. The followed the participants of the study for averagely 8.5 years.
Senior author of the study Dr. Ziyad Al-Aly says: “Our research shows a significant link between air pollution and diabetes globally. We found an increased risk, even at low levels of air pollution currently considered safe by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the WHO.”
A new study from the Netherlands finds that smoking and diabetes are linked to the calcium buildup in the hippocampus, a part of the brain which is important for memory.
Within the tasks of the study, a team of scientists examined the multiplanar brain CT scans of approximately 2,000 people who attended a hospital memory clinic in the Netherlands between 2009 and 2015. The patients’ average age was 78, ranging from 45 to 96 years.
Having analyzed the received CT scans, the researchers concluded that 19% of the study participants had calcification in the hippocampus. Also, the older age, smoking, and diabetes were associated with the higher level of calcifications in the brain.
Lead study author Dr. Esther J. M. de Brouwer, from the Department of Geriatrics at the University Medical Center in Utrecht, says: “It is […] likely that smoking and diabetes are risk factors for hippocampal calcifications.”
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