A new study from the US suggests that poor air quality and diabetes are closely connected. Researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis in collaboration with the Veterans Affairs St. Louis Health Care System in Missouri performed the study.
To achieve the set study goal, a team of researchers analyzed the influence of air pollution on a group of United States veterans with no previous history of diabetes. The followed the participants of the study for averagely 8.5 years.
Senior author of the study Dr. Ziyad Al-Aly says: “Our research shows a significant link between air pollution and diabetes globally. We found an increased risk, even at low levels of air pollution currently considered safe by the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the WHO.”
A new study from the Netherlands finds that smoking and diabetes are linked to the calcium buildup in the hippocampus, a part of the brain which is important for memory.
Within the tasks of the study, a team of scientists examined the multiplanar brain CT scans of approximately 2,000 people who attended a hospital memory clinic in the Netherlands between 2009 and 2015. The patients’ average age was 78, ranging from 45 to 96 years.
Having analyzed the received CT scans, the researchers concluded that 19% of the study participants had calcification in the hippocampus. Also, the older age, smoking, and diabetes were associated with the higher level of calcifications in the brain.
Lead study author Dr. Esther J. M. de Brouwer, from the Department of Geriatrics at the University Medical Center in Utrecht, says: “It is […] likely that smoking and diabetes are risk factors for hippocampal calcifications.”
A new study from Brazil suggests that trendy intermittent fasting may be the reason for increasing insulin levels and the amount of abdominal fat. It also may lead to the damage of pancreatic cells.
Intermittent fasting diet is a diet when a dieting person has “fast” days with a drastic restriction on calorie intake and “feast” days when one is allowed to eat anything.
For the study, a team of researchers placed healthy, adult rats on the diet for 3 months. During this period, scientists measured and monitored their insulin levels, function, body weight, and free radical levels.
At the end of the research, the rodents had lost weight according to expectations, but the distribution of their body fat changed unexpectedly — the amount of abdominal fat increased which is deeply associated with type 2 diabetes.
According to a research from the University of Illinois in Chicago, people with the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes who wake up late and have their breakfast late are more likely to have higher body mass indices (BMI) compared to those who wake up early and have early breakfast.
To study this phenomenon, the scientists recruited 210 non-shift workers living in Thailand with Type 2 diabetes. Their preferences were studied with the help of a questionnaire that focused on time for waking up and going to bed, time of day spent exercising and time of day engaged in a mental activity.
Lead researcher Dr. Sirimon Reutrakul, associate professor of endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism in the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine, says: “Later breakfast time is a novel risk factor associated with a higher BMI among people with Type 2 diabetes. It remains to be investigated if eating breakfast earlier will help with body weight in this population.”
A new research by Rutgers University suggests that fiber may play a far more important role in nurturing the gut bacteria that control blood sugar and fat.
The researchers believe that this discovery could pave a new way to personalized high-fiber diets as the first-line treatment for type 2 diabetes. It also could help to curb rated of diabetes diagnosis. Foods containing lots of fiber boost gut bacteria that control blood sugar by breaking down carbohydrates.
Professor Liping Zhao, one of the researchers and a microbiologist at Rutgers University-New Brunswick in New Jersey, says: “Our study lays the foundation and opens the possibility that fibers targeting this group of gut bacteria could eventually become a major part of your diet and your treatment.”