New research from France suggests that ultra-processed foods such as sugary drinks, packaged snacks, and ready-made meals, can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
To examine the effect of this kind of food, containing a higher number of additives and preservatives, a team of researchers conducted a study in which they included 104,707 adult participants, 21,800 men and 82,907 women, who had taken part in the NutriNet-Santé study.
The study has been performed from 2009 to 2019 and during this period the researchers gathered data on the dietary intake of the participants using 24-h dietary records containing information on around 3,500 foods.
Having analyzed the available data, the researchers found a consistent link between the absolute amount of ultra-processed food consumption and the risk of type 2 diabetes.
The researchers write in their paper: “Even though these results need to be confirmed in other populations and settings, they provide evidence to support efforts by public health authorities to recommend limiting [ultra-processed food] consumption.”
A new study, published in the Diabetologia, finds that children who were born prematurely have a higher risk of developing diabetes, type 1 or type 2, later in life.
To perform the analysis, the researchers used information from the Swedish Birth Registry that included data on more than 4 million people. Preterm birth was considered as birth occurring at less than 37 gestational weeks. In total, 4,193,069 Swedes were included in the investigation.
Researchers write in their paper: “Because of major advances in treatment, most preterm infants now survive into adulthood. As a result, clinicians will increasingly encounter adult patients who were born prematurely. Preterm birth should now be recognized as a chronic condition that predisposes to the development of diabetes across the life course.”
According to a recent study from the University of Cambridge, the United Kingdom, people who achieve moderate weight loss within the first few years after the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, may reverse the condition.
For the study, a team of scientists analyzed data from 867 people aged from 40 to 69 who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes recently. The researchers followed the participant for 5 years. They found that those participants who had achieved at least 10% weight loss within 5 years had more than twice likely to send the condition into remission than those who had not lost any weight.
The first author of the study Hajira Dambha-Miller, Ph.D., says: “These interventions can be very challenging to individuals and difficult to achieve. But, our results suggest that it may be possible to get rid of diabetes, for at least 5 years, with a more modest weight loss of 10%. This will be more motivating and hence more achievable for many people.”
For their study, the researchers analyzed records of 78,581 diabetics of all ages that have been treated at the General Hospital of Vienna in Austria from 1991 to 2011. After that, these data were matched with the Austrian national register of deaths 20 years later.
The analysis showed that patient that were considered deficient (vitamin D levels less than 50 nmol/L) were associated with a double or triple increase of risk of early death from any cause.
The researchers said: “Our survival data… confirm a strong association of vitamin D deficiency (under 50 nmol/L) with increased mortality. This association is most pronounced in the younger and middle-aged groups and for causes of deaths other than cancer and cardiovascular disease, especially diabetes.”
A new study from Taiwan suggests that the use of antidepressant therapies may decrease the number of deaths by 35% in patients suffering from diabetes and depression.
For their research, the scientists used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, where they identified 53,412 individuals, of which 50,532 were taking antidepressants and 2880 people took no antidepressants.
The data showed that among the patients in the non-antidepressant group the rate of heart failure, the rate of heart failure was higher but no significant differences were detected between groups in regard to the other 3 comorbid chronic diseases.
The incidence rate of deaths events ranged from 1113.7 (95 %CI: 1078.4-1150.3) per 100,000 person-years in the highest group to 1963.7 (95%CI: 1876.8-2054.7) per 100,000 person-years in the lowest group. Researchers noted that the rates of death decreased as the total cumulative dose increased.
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