In the next ten years, the founder of social networking site Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg and his wife Priscilla Chan are going to donate more than $3 billion on health research.
Chan noted that human knowledge about body and diseases is still quite limited. Expanding horizons will reduce human suffering. Zuckerberg added that at least four kinds of diseases: cancer, heart diseases, infectious and neurological diseases are causes of death. He believes that with the correct techniques, we can make progress in all these areas.
The first $ 600 million will be used to finance medical research center Biohub, which will be created through a partnership with the Stanford University, the University of California in San Francisco and the University in Berkeley.
People donate to charity for many reasons. Often they do not do so for altruistic reasons, but, for example, to demonstrate their generosity toward others. Researchers from the University of Oregon studied the pure altruism, when a person sincerely wants to help without thinking about personal gain.
The experiment involved 80 men and women aged 18 to 67 years, reports the Deccan Chronicle. The volunteers decide whether they want to donate money to charity or keep. Experts monitored the brain activity of participants using fMRI. Also, volunteers completed personal questionnaires.
The study showed that in some people the areas associated with reward were more active when they left money for themselves. Scientists have linked it with greed. And in others, these zones were activated when money went to charity, suggesting altruism. These volunteers also donated more money, and they had more pronounced pro-social personality traits.
Experts called it as a general goodwill. Its level was higher in people over 45 years old. Religiosity correlated with a total goodwill. But this characteristic was not related to sex, political views and the income level of participants. Scientists believe: life experience makes people altruistic.