According to a new study, presented at Nutrition 2019, the American Society for Nutrition annual meeting in Baltimore, US, low consumption of fruits and vegetables may become the cause for 1 in 7 deaths and 1 in 12 deaths, correspondingly, from heart disease.
A team of researchers analyzed the available data, the scientists found that low consumption of fruit was connected to approximately 2 million deaths from heart disease, and low consumption of vegetables was associated with 1 million deaths, on a global level.
Senior study author Dariush Mozaffarian, Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy says: “These findings indicate a need to expand the focus to increasing availability and consumption of protective foods like fruits, vegetables, and legumes — a positive message with tremendous potential for improving global health.”
A new study from Japan suggests that drinking a cup of tomato juice a day may help decrease the risk of development of heart disease.
For the study, a team of researchers recruited 184 men and 297 women, all of whom were residents of Kuriyama, Japan. All participants could drink as much unsalted tomato juice as they wanted for one year. On average, one person drank approximately 215 ml a day.
The researchers analyzed data from the 94 participants with hypertension or prehypertension (a condition when elevated blood pressure is not high enough to receive a diagnosis of hypertension).
The blood pressure measurements after one year of drinking tomato juice of these participants showed that their blood pressure was significantly lower. Average systolic blood pressure lowered from 141.2 to 137.0 mm Hg while average diastolic blood pressure lowered from 83.3 to 80.0 mm.
Also, the researchers saw a significant drop in the level of low-density lipoprotein also known as “bad” cholesterol which is another risk factor for atherosclerosis.
A new study from the University of South Australia in Adelaide aimed to determine how much coffee would increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease in people with and without the genetic variant.
For the study, the researchers analyzed data from 347,077 people aged from 37 to 73 from UK Biobank. The number of those who had a diagnosis of cardiovascular disease was 8,368.
Study co-author Prof. Elina Hyppönen concludes: “In order to maintain a healthy heart and a healthy blood pressure people must limit their coffees to fewer than six cups a day — based on our data six was the tipping point where caffeine started to negatively affect cardiovascular risk.”
Recent research from the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louise, US, suggests that pregnant women who eat a diet high in fat and sugar during pregnancy increase their child’s risk of having heart issues in the future.
For their study, the researchers used a mouse model. They found that most of the children of obese mouse mothers who ate an unhealthy diet had an increase in weight of the left ventricle, a part of the heart that pumps blood out of the heart.
Co-senior author Dr. Abhinav Diwan, an associate professor of medicine at Washington University, comments: “The cardiac abnormalities seem to dissipate somewhat over the generations, which is intriguing. There were also differences in male and female hearts that we can’t explain yet. In many ways, this study presents more questions than it answers, and we plan to continue studying these mice to help answer them.”
According to a recent study, living on a tree-lined street close to a park may protect you from heart disease, stroke, and premature death.
For the study, a team of researchers analyzed the heart health of more than 400 people across the USA with the help of urine and blood samples. The analysis showed that people who live in green areas have healthier hearts, a higher capacity to repair blood vessels and less stress.
Lead author Aruni Bhatnagar, professor of medicine and director of the University of Louisville Diabetes and Obesity Center: “Our study shows that living in a neighborhood dense with trees, bushes, and other green vegetation may be good for the health of your heart and blood vessels.”