Brain Systems Necessary for Learning Language Emerged before Humans

A new study from Georgetown University Medical Center finds that language may be learned in ancient brain systems intended for “general purpose” that appeared before humans and can be found in other animals.brain systems for language

For the study, the scientists analyzed findings of 16 studies that examined language learning in two brain systems, declarative and procedural memory. The studies included 665 participants in total who were given various tasks such as reading, listening, and speaking.

Lead investigator Michael T Ullman, Ph.D., professor of neuroscience at Georgetown University School of Medicine, says: “Our conclusion that language is learned in such ancient general-purpose systems contrasts with the long-standing theory that language modules found only in humans.”

Omega-3 and Omega-6 Fatty Acids May Improve Reading Skills in Kids

A new study from the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, concluded that fatty acids could be responsible for reading skills in children.fatty acids

Mats Johnson, chief physician and researcher at the Gillberg Neuropsychiatry Center at Sahlgrenska Academy at the university, and his colleagues noted that polyunsaturated fats, including omega-3 and omega-6 and their effects on kids’ learning and behaviour has been a growing area of research.

Mats Johnson said: “Even after 3 months, we could see that the children’s reading skills improved with the addition of fatty acids, compared with those who received the placebo. This was particularly evident in the ability to read a nonsense word aloud and pronounce it correctly (phonologic decoding), and the ability to read a series of letters quickly (visual analysis time).”

More information here.