According to recent research from Karolinska Institutet in Solna, published in the journal Psychological Bulletin, women may remember words and faces a little bit better than men.
A team of researchers analyzed 617 studies that were conducted between 1973 and 2013 and included more than 1.2 million participants in total.
Lead researcher Prof. Agneta Herlitz comments: “Generally, women perform better when it comes to remembering verbal information, such as words, sentences, texts, and objects, but also the location of objects, and movies. Men can better recall abstract images and remember their way back from one location to another.”
Professor also adds: “Furthermore, there is a female advantage when it comes to remembering faces and with sensory memories, such as smells.”
A recent review of the results of 22 clinical studies, performed by the researchers from the University of Edinburgh, UK, shows that yoga may help keep the mind and body of senior adults young.
The analyzed studies considered the effects of various yoga programs lasting from 1 to 7 months with sessions from 30 to 90 minutes.
The results demonstrate that people with average age 60 years and more who practice yoga regularly improved their physical balance, flexibility, and limb strength compared to their counterparts. These participants also showed lower levels of depression and better sleep.
The review’s lead author Divya Sivaramakrishnan says: “Based on this study, we can conclude that yoga has great potential to improve important physical and psychological outcomes in older adults. Yoga is a gentle activity that can be modified to suit those with age-related conditions and diseases.”
A new study from the University of Vermont in Burlington, US, examined how physical activities could help patients with mental disorders to feel better.
To confirm their hypothesis, the research team installed gym equipment in the psychiatric inpatient facility which included rowing machines, exercise bikes, and aerobic steps. In total, 100 patients participated in the study.
After training sessions, the participants filled out the questionnaires. The analysis of the collected information showed that 95 percent of participants demonstrated improvements in mood and self-esteem, compared with the questionnaire scores before the sessions.
Prof. David Tomasi, the lead author of the study: “The general attitude of medicine is that you treat the primary problem first, and exercise was never considered to be a life or death treatment option. Now that we know it’s so effective, it can become as fundamental as pharmacological intervention.”
A new study from the Hellenic Open University in Patra, Greece, finds a link between consuming products of the Mediterranean diet and lower risk of depression.
For the study, a team of researchers used data received from members of day-care centers for senior people in the East Attica region in Greece. Among the participants, 64 percent moderately adhered to the mentioned diet and 34 percent highly adhered to the diet.
Having analyzed the received data, the scientists found that participants with higher adherence to the Mediterranean-type diets, especially those who ate more vegetables, less poultry, and drank less alcohol, showed a lower probability of developing depression or depression symptoms.
Study authors note in their paper: “Our results support that depression in older adults is common and strongly associated with several risk factors.”
A large US study suggests that appendix removal raises the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease later in life.
For the research, a team of scientists took data from a giant database of US electronic health records. These data were from 488,190 patients who had their appendixes removed. Later, 4,470 people of this number were diagnosed with Parkinson disease.
The profound analysis of medical records showed that people with the appendix removed are at three times higher risk of being diagnosed with Parkinson’s disease.
Lead researcher Mohammed Z. Sheriff from Case Western Reserve University comments: “This research shows a clear relationship between the appendix, or appendix removal, and Parkinson’s disease, but it is only an association. Additional research is needed to confirm this connection and to better understand the mechanisms involved.”