A team of researchers from the University of New South Wales (UNSW), Australia, created a smart fabric that is able to mimic a type of special human tissue called the periosteum. Periosteum is a membrane covering all human bones, with the exception of joints, and has special properties.
With the help of a special 3D imaging system, the team managed to map the tissue’s architecture, scale up the main components, and create prototypes of the smart fabric.
The scientistі hope that in the future this fabric will be used to create protective suits that stiffen on impact, to biological tissues that stiffen on impact or biological tissues able to replace and repair joints.
Joanna Ng, the lead author, says: “Our longer term goal is to weave biological tissues – essentially human body parts – in the lab to replace and repair our failing joints that reflect the biology, architecture and mechanical properties of the periosteum.”
More information about the invention you can find here.