According to a recent study from the University of Cambridge, the United Kingdom, people who achieve moderate weight loss within the first few years after the diagnosis of type 2 diabetes, may reverse the condition.
For the study, a team of scientists analyzed data from 867 people aged from 40 to 69 who were diagnosed with type 2 diabetes recently. The researchers followed the participant for 5 years. They found that those participants who had achieved at least 10% weight loss within 5 years had more than twice likely to send the condition into remission than those who had not lost any weight.
The first author of the study Hajira Dambha-Miller, Ph.D., says: “These interventions can be very challenging to individuals and difficult to achieve. But, our results suggest that it may be possible to get rid of diabetes, for at least 5 years, with a more modest weight loss of 10%. This will be more motivating and hence more achievable for many people.”
A new study from the University of Otago in Dunedin, New Zealand, finds that high-intensity interval training (HIIT) may help people with type 2 diabetes improve heart function.
For the study, within 3 months, 11 adults of middle age with a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes performed exercises during 25 minutes which included 10 minutes of HIIT. The control group included 5 people who didn’t perform any exercises.
The analysis results showed that the participants executing HIIT showed improved heart function after 3 months without changing diet or medication.
Lead author Genevieve Wilson, who did the study as part of her Ph.D., says: “[…] the findings demonstrate that high-intensity exercise may provide an inexpensive, practical way to reverse, or reduce the loss in heart function caused by type 2 diabetes.”
A small study, recently conducted by an international team of researchers from the University of Adelaide, in Australia, and the Salk Institute for Biological Studies, USA, finds that men who are at risk of type 2 diabetes can keep their blood sugar level under control by strictly sticking to the eating schedule.
For the study, the researchers included 15 men aged 30–70 with a waist circumference of at least 102 cm and at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The analysis of the received data showed that time-restricted model of nutrition improved the glucose control of the participants.
Associate professor Leonie Heilbronn, a research leader at the university’s department of medicine comments: “Our results suggest that modulating when, rather than what, we eat can improve glucose control. [We] did see a tiny amount of weight loss in this study, which may have contributed to the results.”
A recent study, published in the journal Mayo Clinic Proceedings, finds that people with moderate muscle strength, achieved with the help of resistance exercise, can have a considerably lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
During the study, the researchers examined data of 4,681 adults whose age was between 20 and 100 years and none of them had diabetes at the beginning of the study called the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study. Having analyzed the received data, the researchers concluded that people who had moderate muscle mass had a 32% lower risk of type 2 diabetes.
Study co-author Angelique Brellenthin comments: “We want to encourage small amounts of resistance training and it doesn’t need to be complicated. You can get a good resistance workout with squats, planks, or lunges. Then, as you build strength, you can consider adding free weights or weight machines.”
A large-scale scientific review, presented at the European Association for the Study of Diabetes meeting in Berlin, suggests that three to four cups of coffee a day may decrease the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 25 percent.
For the study, the researchers analyzed data from 30 studies which involved about 1.2 million people and found the link between coffee and lower risk of diabetes in both in men and women but the effect was a bit greater in women.
The scientists believe that this effect is caused by the combination of compounds found in coffee such as trigonelline, cafestol, cafeic acid and chlorogenic acid. Though the researchers are unsure how these compounds work, they may have an anti-oxidant or anti-inflammatory effect on the body.
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