A new study from China suggests that estrogen and vitamin D may help postmenopausal women to prevent metabolic syndrome.
Within the frame of the study, the researchers included 616 postmenopausal women aged 49–86 years. None of them was taking estrogen or vitamin D supplements at the baseline.
The scientists measured the levels of estradiol and vitamin D in the blood and assessed risk factors for developing metabolic syndrome.
The analysis of the available data showed that women with insufficient levels of vitamin D and estradiol were more likely to have metabolic syndrome than women with sufficient levels.
Dr. JoAnn Pinkerton, executive director of The North American Menopause Society, says that this research demonstrates that low estrogen appears to raise the risk of metabolic syndrome in postmenopausal women with insufficient levels of vitamin D.
A new study from the School of Public Health at Indiana University in Bloomington, US, suggests that optimism may protect postmenopausal women against type 2 diabetes.
The team of scientists discovered that the most optimistic women were
12% less likely to develop type 2 diabetes than women with the lowest quartile
of optimism. Scientists also concluded that low optimism and high negativity
linked to the higher risk of incident diabetes in postmenopausal women.
Dr. JoAnn Pinkerton, the executive director of the journal Menopause,
where the results of the research were published, comments: “In addition to
efforts to promote healthy behaviors, women’s personality traits should be
considered to guide clinical or programmatic intervention strategies in
The pelvic floor muscles are the muscles supporting pelvic organs — the bladder and the bowel. This set of exercises for the pelvic floor offers many benefits to both, men and women.
For women, these exercises aid with a lower risk of vaginal prolapsed, better bowel and bladder control, and improved recovery after giving a birth. For men, they benefit by speeding recovery after prostate surgery, decrease the risk of rectal prolapsed, and improve bowel and bladder control. These are the best four exercises for this group of muscles:
Kegel exercise: sit in a comfortable position, close the eyes, and visualize the muscles that can stop urine flow. Try to tighten these muscles as much as possible. Hold for 3–5 seconds. Release the muscles and rest for a few seconds. Repeat up to ten times.
Squeeze and release: sit in a position that can be comfortable for you. Picture the pelvic floor muscles. Squeeze the muscles as quickly as possible. Rest for 3–5 seconds and then repeat up to 10 or 20 times.
Bridge: lie down on your back, bend the knees, and place your feet on the floor on the width of hips, The arms should be lying alongside your body with the palms downward. Contract the buttocks and pelvic floor to lift the buttocks several inches above the ground. Hold this position from 3 to 8 seconds. Relax the buttocks and the pelvic floor. Repeat up to 10 times. Try to perform 2 repetitions more.
Squats: feet are apart on the hip-width, flat on the ground. Bend the knees to lower the buttocks toward the ground. Keep your back straight. Knees are in line with toes. Tighten the buttocks and the pelvic floor when returning to a standing position. Repeat up to 10 times.
Remember to consult your doctor before performing these exercises.
A new study, executed by researchers at Northwestern University in Illinois, US, finds that giving birth shortens a woman’s life by up to two years. That means the more children a woman has, the shorter her lifespan may be.
For the study, the researchers examined 3,200 women aged from 20 to 22 years in the Philippines. They found that every birth has a damaging effect at the cellular level, having looked at two markers of cellular aging —telomere length and epigenetic age. These two factors may predict mortality.
Lead author Calen Ryan says: “Both [markers] appeared ‘older’ in women who had more pregnancies in their reproductive histories. Even after accounting for other factors that affect cellular aging, the number of pregnancies still came out on top.”
Raised sensitivity to bitter tastes might be an indicator of higher risk of cancer in women, according to a new research, conducted by scientists at the College of Agriculture Sciences of Pennsylvania State University in State College (US) in association with a team of researchers from Leeds University (UK).
For the study, the researchers collected data via the UK Women’s Cohort Study, founded in 1995 by scientists at Leeds University. The researchers split women into 3 groups according to their sensitivity to bitterness: “super-tasters”, “tasters,” and “non-tasters.” The analysis of the received data showed that “super-tasters” and “tasters” were at higher risk of cancer than those who couldn’t taste bitterness.
Lead researcher Joshua Lambert explains: “The difference in cancer incidence between the women with the highest bitter-taste sensitivity and those with the lowest was striking. Super-tasters had about a 58 percent higher risk of cancer incidence and the tasters had about a 40 percent higher risk of developing cancer, compared to women who were classified as non-tasters.”