A new study from Brazil suggests that trendy intermittent fasting may be the reason for increasing insulin levels and the amount of abdominal fat. It also may lead to the damage of pancreatic cells.
Intermittent fasting diet is a diet when a dieting person has “fast” days with a drastic restriction on calorie intake and “feast” days when one is allowed to eat anything.
For the study, a team of researchers placed healthy, adult rats on the diet for 3 months. During this period, scientists measured and monitored their insulin levels, function, body weight, and free radical levels.
At the end of the research, the rodents had lost weight according to expectations, but the distribution of their body fat changed unexpectedly — the amount of abdominal fat increased which is deeply associated with type 2 diabetes.
It is well known that our overall health and wellbeing are totally dependable on what we eat. That is why a healthy diet plays a significant role in keeping the body healthy. Day after day, scientists all over the world make new discoveries proving that certain products may be beneficial for certain systems of our body.
The health experts from the US highlighted 16 foods, when included in a well-balanced healthy diet, might help maintain your heart health. Here are the best foods to consume regularly:
- Beans, peas, chickpeas, and lentils.
- Chia seeds and flaxseeds.
- Dark chocolate.
- Fish high in omega-3 fatty acids.
- Green tea.
- Red wine.
A new study finds that brain volumes of people who regularly eat vegetables, fruit, and fish are on average 2ml greater than brain volumes of those who often drink sugary beverages. A brain volume reduction of 3.6ml equals to one year of aging.
For the study, the researchers from Erasmus University, Rotterdam, analyzed diets of 4,213 adults with an average age of 66 who didn’t have dementia. The participants also had to take scans to determine their brain volumes.
Dr Meike Vernooij, the author of the study, says: “People with greater brain volume have been shown in other studies to have better cognitive abilities, so initiatives that help improve diet quality may be a good strategy to maintain thinking skills in older adults.”
A new study, conducted by the researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison, US, suggests that starting your meal with a serving of yogurt may reduce inflammation, protect from the harmful byproducts of gut bacteria.
To examine their suggestion, the researchers recruited 120 premenopausal women, half of them were obese, for the first experiment. Half of the participants had to eat 12 ounces of low-fat yogurt each day for 9 weeks while others ate non-diary pudding. The results showed that some inflammatory markers, such as TNF-alpha, were significantly reduced in those participants who ate yogurt.
Ruisong Pei, a postdoctoral researcher, says: “Eating 8 ounces of low-fat yogurt before a meal is a feasible strategy to improve post-meal metabolism and thus may help reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and metabolic diseases.”
A new study, led by Professor Pernilla Wittung-Stafshede from the Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg, suggests that eating cod, herring, and red snapper may help in preventing Parkinson’s disease.
The researchers also highlight that fish is normally a lot more nutritious at the end of summer because of increased metabolic activity.
One of the study researchers Nathalie Scheers says: “Levels of parvalbumin [a protein that prevents the formation of protein structures associated with the tremor disorder] are much higher in fish after they had a lot of sun, so it could be worthwhile increasing consumption during autumn.”
Other conditions linked to protein formation in the brain such as Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s diseases may also benefit from higher fish consumption. The researchers plan to investigate the potential of parvalbumin in the future studies.
The researchers from the University of Manchester, UK, have found the drug that had a great effect on hair follicles in the laboratory, stimulating them to grow. The drug contains a compound targeting a protein that acts as a brake on hair growth and plays a role in baldness.
For the study, held in the laboratory, samples containing scalp hair follicles from more than 40 male hair-transplant patients were taken. The scientists used an old immunosuppressive drug, cyclosporine A, used for prevention transplant organ rejection and reduce symptoms of autoimmune disease.
The researchers concluded that this drug reduced the activity of a specific protein responsible for growth regulation in many tissues including hair follicles.
A new study from the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom finds that brain cholesterol is associated with the developing of Alzheimer’s disease.
With the help of in vitro modeling in the laboratory, the scientists were able to see that cholesterol sped up the aggregation of amyloid beta molecules by 20. At the present moment, the build-up of amyloid beta proteins is believed to be crucial in developing the Alzheimer’s disease.
Lead researcher Michele Vendruscolo says: “The question for us now is not how to eliminate cholesterol from the brain, but about how to control cholesterol’s role in Alzheimer’s disease through the regulation of its interaction with amyloid beta.”
According to a new study, conducted by the Texas A&M University in College Station, a gene taking part in the regulation of biological clock may also protect from breast cancer.
In the course of study the scientists identified two genes, Bmal1 and Per2, produce a cancer-promoting protein when “jetlagged”. Therefore, this may explain also why people who work night shifts have the higher risk of developing cancer.
Professor Porter, the lead investigator, explains: “Per2 is functioning as a tumor suppressor gene associated with cell identity. Right now, we are investigating how our findings relate to humans. There are studies out there showing a relationship between decreased levels of Per2 and certain types of breast cancer, which are more invasive. So, we believe that there is a direct relationship.”
A recent research, published in Psychoneuroendocrinology, finds that in the three-month period after a spouse’s death widows and widowers are at higher risk of death associated with cardiovascular disease.
The study found that people who have lost a spouse within the last three months have higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines (immune markers indicating inflammation in the bloodstream) and lower heart rate variability (HRV) than those non-bereaved individuals of the same sex, age, body mass index, and education level.
Lead author Chris Fagundes, an assistant professor of psychology in Rice University’s School of Social Sciences, USA, says: “In the first six months after the loss of a spouse, widows/widowers are at a 41% increased risk of mortality. Importantly, 53% of this increased risk is due to cardiovascular disease. This study is an important step toward understanding why this is the case by identifying how bereavement gets under the skin to promote morbidity and mortality.”
A new study from the United Kingdom suggests that a simple quiet rest, just for 10 minutes, may help to memorize new information in fine detail.
To study this effect, the researchers designed a memory test to assess the ability to keep finely graded information. For the experiment, the researchers took the information on memorizing from 60 young male and female participants whose average age was 21 years.
Michael Craig, a researcher from the Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, United Kingdom, says: “This new finding provides the first evidence that a brief period of quiet rest can help us to retain more detailed memories.”
Running a marathon might seem as a good idea but it may lead to injury, stress and frustration. Experts revealed that too ambitious fitness goals may lead to disappointment.
Marcus Bondi, bodyweight trainer and strength and fitness Guinness World Record holder, says: “Fixating on unrealistic goals merely ensures unnecessary personal failure, soul-wrenching heartache, self-defeating lies and pointless recriminations!”.
Here are some tips for seting the correct fitness goal and achieving results.
- Time it right.
To set the right goal, you need to clarify how much time you need to complete it according to you normal daily life.
“Consider what else is going on in your life and if you actually have the time available to dedicate to your fitness goal,” Louder says.
- Set weight-loss targets.
If you’re setting out to lose weight this year, breaking your fitness goal down into smaller targets will help keep you motivated.
- Go back where you start if motivation disappears.
If your motivation begins to wavier remember re-setting a goal is not failing – it is about you staying on course to change.
“Understand that positive physical change is incremental and have a plan suited to your abilities and need for change.”
- Run for distance not time.
If training for a fun run, then focus on the fun part first! Then, set out to achieve gradually increasing the distance you can cover in your long runs.“It is quite difficult to run for time unless you have built up the fitness and know you can keep going for 30 or 45 minutes – but that will come,” Louder says.
- Track your progress right.
Using apps and devices to track your progress can help propel you towards achieving your fitness goal. After all, you can’t beat the satisfaction you feel when you see an increase in the distance you run, calories you burn or steps you take.Try not to obsess over the numbers and push beyond your means, which can risk injury or burn out
It is really important what exercises we choose and how we perform them. It does influence on your body specifically and you may lose weight and getting toned faster when you choose right exercises.
Tony Maloney, a trainer and exercise physiologist at the National Institute for Fitness and Sport in Indianapolis, shared his best tips for slimming down this summer.
Some basic exercises are still the best method to beat your weight.
1. Push-ups are still one of the best moves for toning from the waist up
Push-ups are a great way to tone the upper body and build shapely arms and shoulders.
2. Planks and side planks are core exercises
Maloney says that planks are better than crunches and sit-ups, because you’re less likely to do them wrong and injure the spine. Plus, they’re generally more effective at building a tight core.
3. One of Maloney’s favorite high-intensity, plyometric, burst-like moves is the jump squat
To try this one, bend down like you’re going into a normal squat (get your booty down like you’re sitting in a chair) then burst up into the air. Maloney says the benefits of a jumping movement like this go beyond shaping and toning.
4. The split squat jump is another favorite exercise of the trainer
From a split stance position, jump up and switch over to the other leg. Try doing as many as you can for 30 seconds, then rest for 30 more.
With this jump move, you’re not only toning the body — you’re expending extra energy to get lean.
6. Pull-ups and chin-ups
Most of the work here is happening in your arms and in your shoulders, but you have to be strong all over to really pull this feat off, from the abs and the pelvis to the palms of your hands.
7. Bar hang
For this move, just hang from the bar for as long as you can. Maloney suggests giving this a try a few times a day if possible, and building up strength that way.